This course aims to provide an in depth understanding of the origins, development and impact of Arab Nationalism and Islamism, respectively, on domestic and regional politics in the Middle East.
Over the last century, the political landscape of the modern Middle East has been dominated by two ideologies with largely authentic sources: Arab Nationalism and Islamism. Within the framework of the course, Arab Nationalism and Political Islam will be analysed taking into account the historical contexts within which these ideological doctrines arouse and turned into most significant political forces.
|Learning Outcomes||Program Outcomes||Teaching Methods||Assessment Methods|
|Students will be able to define the basic objectives of secular Arab Nationalism and tell why they largely remained unattained despite the tremendous impact pan-Arabism has made on the regional level.||
1, 4, 6, 13
|1, 2, 3||A, D|
|They will also be able to summarize the extensive impact of Arab Nationalism for domestic, regional and international politics.||
1, 4, 6, 13
|1, 2, 3||A, D|
|Students will be able to identify the root causes of the rise of Islamism in the Middle East starting in the 1970s.||
1, 4, 6, 13
|1, 2, 3||A, C, D|
|Students will be able to compare various forms of Islamist organizations on the basis of their respective ideological inclinations (moderate/radical) and strategies (reformist/revolutionary).||
1, 4, 6, 13
|1, 2, 3||A, C, D|
|Within the larger framework of “Islam-Democracy” debate, students will also be able to critically evaluate the role of Islamist movements in the political development of various Middle East countries, particularly following the “Arab Spring” episode.||
1, 4, 6, 13
|1, 2, 3||A, C, D|
The Historical and Intellectual Origins of Arab Nationalism
Dawisha, “Defining Arab Nationalism” chp.1, 2005.
Dawisha, “Early Stirrings: The 19th and Early 20th Centuries” chpt2, 2005
Ernest Dawn, “From Ottomanism to Arabism: the Origin of an Ideology” in Hourani & Khoury The Modern Middle East (London: Tauris, 2004) pp: 375-393.
Cleveland, William, “Sources of Arab Nationalism: An Overview” in Religion and Politics in the Middle East by M. Curtis, (Westview Press:1981)
Stephen Humphreys, “The Strange Career of Pan-Arabism” in Hourani & Khoury The Modern Middle East (London: Tauris, 2004) pp:577-596.
Development of Arab Nationalism in the Colonial Era
Dawisha, “Arab Nationalism and Competing Loyalties: From the1920s to the Arab Revolt in Palestine” chpt4, 2005
Dawisha, “Sati al-Husri’s Theory of Arab Nationalism” chpt3, 2005
Choueiri, “Preface,” 2000, pp: vii-x.
Choueiri, “Cultural and Political Arabism,” chapter 3 2000, pp:57-100.
Radicalization of Arab Nationalism: Domestic and Regional Implications
Dawisha, “The Nationalist Ascent: From the Palestinian Revolt to the Egyptian Rev.” chpt5, 2005
Dawisha, “Consolidating Arab Nationalism” chpt6, 2005
Dawisha, “Arab Nationalism on the March 1955-57” chpt7, 2005
Hourani, “The Climax of Arabism (1950s & 1960s)”c.24 A Hist of the Arab Peoples, 1991.
Khalidi, Rashid, “Consequences of the Suez Crisis in the Arab World” in Suez 1956: The Crisis and Its Consequences ed.by Roger Louis & Roger Owen, 1989.
Arab Nationalism and the Arab Cold War
Dawisha, “The Apex of Arab Nationalism: The UAR & the Iraqi Revolution” chpt8, 2005
Dawisha, “Arab Nationalism’s Downward Slide, 1958-1967” chpt9, 2005
*Kerr, Malcolm, The Arab Cold War 1958-1970 (Oxford Univ. Press, 1971)
Arab Nationalism in Post-1967 Middle East
Dawisha, “1967 and After: The Twilight of Arab Nationalism” chp10, 2005
Dawisha, “The Demise of Arab Nationalism” chpt11, 2005
Hourani, “Arab Unity and Disunity (since 1967)”c.25 A History of the Arab Peoples, 1991.
Tibi, Bassam, “Structural and Ideological Change in the Arab Subsystem Since the Six Day War” in Arab Israeli Conflict ed.by Y. Luckacs & A. Battah, 1988.
Roger Owen, “Arab Nationalism, Arab Unity and the Practice of Intra-Arab State Relations” in State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East 3rd Edition, 2004, pp:56-72.
Faksh, Mahmud A. “Withered Arab Nationalism” Orbis, Summer 1993.
The Historical and Intellectual Origins of Islamism
Hourani, “The First Generation: Tahtawi, Khayr Al-Din, and Bustani” Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age (London: Oxford Unv.Press, 1970) pp:67-102
Hourani, “Jamal Al-Din Al-Afghani” Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age (London: Oxford Univ.Press, 1970) pp:103-129.
Hourani, “Muhammad ‘Abduh” Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age (London: Oxford Univ.Press, 1970) pp:130-160.
Hourani, “‘Abduh’s Egyptian Disciples: Islam and Modern Civilisation” Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age (London: Oxford Univ.Press, 1970) pp:161-192.
Islamist Ideology and the Islamist Movement: Unity or Diversity?
Sidahmed & Enteshami, “Indroduction” of Islamic Fundamentalism (Colorad:Westview, 1996)
Moussalli, Ahmad, Moderate and Radical Islamic Fundamentalism, (1999) Introduction & Chapter 1
Roger Owen, “The Politics of Religious Revival” in State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East 3rd Edition, 2004, pp:154-177.
Radical Islamist Ideology: Qutb & Mawdudi
Mawdudi, Sayyid Abul A'la, Political Theory of Islam, (Lahore, Pakistan: Islamic Publications, 1985)
Qutb, Sayyid, Milestones (New Delhi: Islamic Book Service, 2005) pp: 1-77.
|10||Reformist/Gradualist Islamism: Ghannoushi & Turabi||
Elgindy, Khaled, “The Rhetoric of Rashid Ghannoushi,” Arab Studies J. 3, 1 (Spring 1995)
John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, “Rachid Ghannoushi: Activist in Exile,” in Makers of Contemporary Islam (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001) –
Rachid Al-Ghannoushi, “Secularism in the Arab Maghreb,” in Islam and Secularism in the Middle East, ed. by John L. Esposito and Azzam Tamimi (London: Hurst & Company, 2000)
“A Roundtable with Turabi”
Islamist Participation in Politics & the Ideological Evolution of the Islamist Movements
Ottaway & Hamzawy, Islamists in Politics (Carnegie Middle East Prog. Nov 2008)
Tarek Masoud, “Islamist Parties: ARE THEY DEMOCRATS? DOES it mater?” Journal of Democracy Volume 19, Number 3 July 2008
Altman, Israel Elad, Strategies of the Muslim Brotherhood Movement 1928-2007, Hudson Institute, Research Monographs on the Muslim World Series No.2 Paper n.2, January 2009.
Hudson, Michael, “Arab Regimes & Democratization: Responses to the Challenge of Political Islam,” in The Islamist Dilemma ed. By Laura Guazzone, (Ithaca, 1995)
John L. Esposito, “Islam and Democratization” MEJ
Rosefsky Wickham, Carrie, “The Path to Moderation: Strategy and Learning in the Formation of Egypt's Wasat Party” Comparative Politics, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Jan., 2004), pp. 205-228
Mona El-Ghobashy “The Metamorphosis Of The Egyptian Muslim Brothers” Int. J. Middle East Stud. 37 (2005), 373–395
Robert S. Leiken and Steven Brooke, “The Moderate Muslim Brotherhood” Foreign Affairs .Volume 86 No. 2 2007
Sheri Berman, “Islamism, Revolution, and Civil Society” APSA v1 n2 June 2003
Mohammed Osman, “Tunisia: New Model for Progressive Islamism” 20 Jan 2011 RSIS
The Ideological Evolution of the Islamist Movements
Ersin Kalaycıoğlu, “Islam, Secularism& Democracy: Insights from Turkish Politics, 2010
Sultan Tepe, “AKP: MUSLIM-DEMOCRATIC” PARTY?”Journal of Democracy Volume 16, Number 3 July 2005
Kardas, Şaban, 'Turkey under the Justice and Development Party: Between Transformation of 'Islamism' and Democratic Consolidation?', Middle East Critique, 17: 2, 175 — 187 2008
İhsan Dağı, Turkey’s AKP in Power, Journal of Democracy Volume 19, Number 3 2008
Fawaz Gerges, The Transformation of Hamas? LSE Report on Islam 2011
Jean-Pierre Filiu, “The Brotherhood vs. Al-Qaeda: A Moment of Truth?” Current Trends in Islamist Ideology volume 9 2009
Samir Amghar, “Political Islam in Morocco” CEPS Working Doc. 2007
Rami G. Khouri, “Five Ideologies, One Middle East,” November 28, 2005
The “Arab Spring” & The Islamist Opposition
Fuad Ajami, “The Arab Spring One Year of Living Dangerously” Foreign Affairs, March 1, 2012
Lisa Anderson, “Demystifying the Arab Spring: Parsing the Differences between Tunisa, Egypt & Libya” Foreign Affairs v.2 2011
Mary Linch, “The Big Think Behind the Arab Spring” Foreign Policy, December 2011
Dawisha, Adeed, Arab Nationalism in the 20th Century (2005)
Rahnema, Ali, Pioneers of Islamic Revival (Zen Books, 2008)
Esposito & Voll, Makers of Contemporary Islam (Oxford Univ. Press, 2001)
Angrist, Michele P., Politics& Society in the Contemporary Middle East 2010
Cleveland, William, A History of the Modern Middle East (3rd Edition), 2004
|Assignments||Term paper & weekly reading assignments.|
|Exams||Mid-term and final exams taken in the classroom|
|Term Paper &Presentation||1||20|
|CONTRIBUTION OF FINAL EXAMINATION TO OVERALL GRADE||40|
|CONTRIBUTION OF IN-TERM STUDIES TO OVERALL GRADE||60|
|COURSE'S CONTRIBUTION TO PROGRAM|
|No||Program Learning Outcomes||Contribution|
|1||To demonstrate the ability to specialize and expand knowledge in the fields of political science, international relations, comparative politics, Turkish politics and foreign policy.||X|
|2||The ability to comprehend the interdisciplinary quality of the political science and international relations discipline.||X|
|3||A command of basic research models and approaches of political science and international relations discipline and the ability to apply them in academic research and project design.||X|
|4||Having the ability to assess and interpret the different political and societal systems in the Middle East with an interdisciplinary approach.||X|
|5||Having a command of qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis methods and abiding by the highest levels of academic and research ethics.||X|
|6||The ability to present and debate an issue that requires specialization in the field of political science and international relations. The ability to discuss this issue within an intellectual framework, and the ability to express oneself in a professional and academic manner.||X|
|7||The ability to analyze and critically evaluate basic research models, approaches and intellectual traditions in the field of political science, international relations.||X|
|8||The ability to utilize academic writing and presentation skills to projects, dissertations and articles.||X|
|9||Having advanced reading, writing, comprehension and speaking skills in the English language.||X|
|10||Having the ability to apply knowledge of political science and international relations discipline to information technologies and traditional tools so as to produce sound solutions to problems.||X|
|11||Possessing experience and social skills necessary for employment in the public and private sectors and/or being admitted to a competitive Ph.D. program.||X|
|12||Having empathy towards diverse and differing communities, which will facilitate conducing teamwork at local as well as global platforms.||X|
|13||Having competency of comprehending and interpreting local and global issues through information exchange with international academics and students.||X|
|ECTS ALLOCATED BASED ON STUDENT WORKLOAD BY THE COURSE DESCRIPTION|
|Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours)||16||3||48|
|Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice)||16||5||80|
|Total Work Load||175|
|Total Work Load / 25 (h)||7|
|ECTS Credit of the Course||7|